Founded in 1958, at Largo São Francisco Law School, the group went through different phases. Its professionalization, starting in 1961; the Golden Years through the late 1960s, when the group staged plays that revolutionized modern Brazilian dramaturgy, such as Gorky’s The petty bourgeois and Oswald de Andrade’s O rei da vela; the exile between 1974 and 1979, in Portugal, Mozambique, France and England, producing cinematographic works such as 25 and O parto. After the democratic opening, the group reconvened in São Paulo, and for ten years worked to build its new theater, an architectonic project by Lina Bo Bardi and Edson Elito, which opened in 1993, inaugurating a new phase. Classical plays, such as Shakespeare’s Hamlet and Euripides’s Bacchae, were performed in the style of Eletrocandomblé Carnival Operas—modern musicals with a large chorus and a live band. The first bylaws of Associação Teatro Oficina Uzyna Uzona, from 1984, is inspired by Chords, a play by Bertolt Brecht and Paul Hindemith originally entitled by them as The Baden-Baden lesson on consent, and by Oswald de Andrade’s Anthropophagic manifesto.